Social capital refers to relations of trust, mutual expectations, and shared values embedded in social networks. Social capital has value for individuals because it provides an avenue for exchange of information and support as it encourages the emergence and enforcement of social norms.
If social capital is based on natural, positive values, it can become a significant environmental factor for protecting children and maintaining social harmony. Conversely, children from stressed or troubled families have a tendency to turn to other insecure peers and even gangs. When neighborhoods or communities contain a threshold of people with negative social factors, risk factors and behavioral disorders, social capital dries up as trust erodes and people begin to insulate themselves from one another.
FAST® builds social capital by connecting people and building trusting relationships. In this environment, social isolation declines and mutual support within and between families flourishes. From this foundation, shared positive values arise naturally – increasing the likelihood that children will make wiser, healthier choices throughout their lives.
(Bronfenbrenner, Bourdieu, Coleman & Hoffer, Loury, Portes, Carbonaro, Furstenberg & Hughes, Kahne & Bailey, McNeal, Morgan & Sorensen, Stanton-Salazar & Dornbusch, Teachman, Paasch & Carver, Runyan, McKay, Atkins, Hawkins, Brown, Lynn, Belsky & Vondra, Xu, Tung, & Dunaway, Belsky & Vondra, Creasy & Jarvis, Garbarino, Kozlowska & Hanney, Mash & Johnston, Webster-Stratton, Sampson, Caughy, O’Campo, & Muntaner, Waterson, Alperstein, & Brown, Kunitz, Lynch, Due, Muntaner, & Davey Smith, Kawachi, Kennedy, Lochner, and Prothrow-Stith, Epstein & Becker, Henderson & Mapp, Ho Sui-Chu & Willms, Schneider & Coleman, Stevenson & Baker, Bryk and Schneider, Starkey & Klein, Hanf & Kling, Kogan)