The logic model for the FAST® Program is based on risk and resiliency factors. These primary personal drivers of prevention and intervention keep children on a safe course as they grow. Risk factors can be seen as variables that, when present, cause families to experience more stress, which in turn can contribute to children making unwise, unhealthy choices. The converse of these factors is the set of protective circumstances that predict vastly lower social risks. Resiliency factors allow children to regain a sense of security and enable them to cope with the inevitable and external risk factors that families face.

For example, a child who lives in a single parent home, has moved several times, has poor social skills, and has unaccountable free time, faces significant risks for delinquency and drug involvement. Some of these risk factors can be directly modified, but others cannot be readily changed. FAST introduces compensatory resiliency factors to guide and defend young people as they mature.

(Kogan, Gordon, Wimberger, Hetherington, Belle, Lewis, Beavers, Gossett, & Phillips, Sayger, Alexander, Minuchin, Lewis, Piercy, Sprenkle, & Trepper, Alexander & Parsons, Elkin, Kumpfer, Crnic, Greenberg, Robinson, & Ragozin, McDonald, Friesen, Johnson, Gaudin, Febrarro, Dunst, Trivette, & Deal)